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Locks and Dams 52 and 53

The wicket dam at Locks and Dam 52.

Locations

Locks and Dam No. 52 is located on the Ohio River about 1.5 miles downstream of Brookport, Illinois, at mile 939 below Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The locks are located on the Illinois bank of the river. The upper pool above the dam extends for 20.5 miles to Smithland Locks and Dam. Locks and Dam No. 53 is located on the Ohio River approximately 11 miles upstream of Cairo, Illinois. The locks are located on the Illinois side of the river approximately 962 miles downstream from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The upper pool above the dam extends upstream for a distance of 23 miles to Locks and Dam 52.

Authorizations

Modernization of the facilities at Locks and Dam 52 and Locks and Dam 53 were authorized under the provisions of the Rivers and Harbors Act of March 3, 1909. The original structure of 52 was completed in 1928 and 53’s original structure was completed in 1929.

History

Locks and Dams 52 and 53, in the lower portion of the river, are remnants of the original 1929 river navigation system. A temporary 1200‑foot lock has been built at each project to handle the traffic that moves through the lower portion of the river. These low-cost structures provide an immediate relief to the traffic jam (as much as a three-day wait) at each lock and dam. The temporary 1200-foot lock at Locks and Dam 53 was designed similar to an earlier structure built at Locks and Dam 52. The temporary 1200‑foot lock at Locks and Dam 52 was designed and constructed in just over a year. The structure won a Chief of Engineer’s Award for its many innovative technical features. Locks and Dams 52 and 53 are scheduled for replacement by the Olmsted Locks and Dam project.

Locks and Dams

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Markland Locks and Dam
2760 US 42 West
Warsaw, KY 41095
(859) 567-7661

McAlpine Locks and Dam
805 North 27th Street
Louisville, KY 40212
(502) 776-6866

Cannelton Locks and Dam
5281 E. State Road 66
Cannelton, IN 47520
(812) 547-2962

Newburgh Locks and Dam
6877 State Road 66
Newburgh, IN 47630
(812) 853-8470

John T. Myers Locks and Dam
16501 Raben Road
Mt. Vernon, IN 47620
(812) 838-5836

Smithland Locks and Dam
1401 Smithland Dam Road
Brookport, IL 62910
(618) 564-2315

Locks and Dam 52
1153 W. 3rd Street
Brookport, IL 62910
(618) 564-2842

Locks and Dam 53
916 E. Dam Road
Grand Chain, IL 62941
(618) 742-8286

Olmsted Locks and Dam
567 New Dam Road
Olmsted, IL 62970
(618) 748-6400

Green River 1
5048 Dam and Lock Road
Reed, KY 42451
(270) 826-7360

Green River 2
695 W. 1st Street
Calhoun, KY 42327
(270) 273-3152

 

Lock 52 Information

 Main Lock  110’ x 1200’
 Auxilliary Lock  110’ x 600’
   

Dam 52 Information

Type Wicket
Length 2,998'
Upper pool 302'
Lower pool 290'

Locks and Dam 52 has a navigable pass of 1,248’, 540’ of chanoine weir, 160’ of bebout weir, three 91’ beartraps with piers, and 725’ of fixed weir.

 

Lock 53 Information

 Main Lock  110’ x 1200’
 Auxilliary Lock  110’ x 600’
   

Dam 53 Information

Type Wicket
Length 3,662'
Upper pool 290'
Lower pool 276'

Locks and Dam 53 has a navigable pass of 932’, 340’ of chanoine weir, 160’ of bebout weir, 302’ of fixed weir, and 1,894’ of core wall.